4. The Theory of Change model
Inputs refer to the investments or resources that need to be allocated to the planned activities.
Activities are the actions that will be taken to achieve specific results that support broader planned outcomes.
Outputs are the immediate results achieved from executing the activities. These outputs serve as dependencies for achieving desired outcomes.
Outcomes are the pre-conditions, or things that need to change, in order for your long-term impact to be realized. They can be split into long-term, mid-term and short term outcomes.
Impact is the starting point for your theory of change, the goal and intention around which the strategic plan is built. Your impact statement should clearly articulate the long-term change you want to achieve.
Example: Your impact statement may be to reduce unemployment in your country. One activity to support this could be to sponsor career counseling workshops in disadvantaged communities. An immediate output of this could be improved enrolment in tertiary. A longer term outcome of this output would be a higher number of tertiary graduates entering the job market.