As a response to the climate and social emergency, the United Nations has established a set of sustainable development challenges to be met by 2030. These challenges are structured around 17 concrete goals for a sustainable and peaceful future for all people around the world. These goals, dubbed the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), are a universal call to governments, businesses, and individuals to address the global challenges we face, from poverty and environmental degradation to hunger and injustice.
The causes of hunger are diverse: poor harvesting practices, food waste, wars and environmental destruction. In 2015, famine killed 9.1 million people, a total of 25,000 per day. This extreme hunger and lack of healthy food supply is an obstacle to sustainable development and a trap that is, for lack of money, particularly difficult to get out of. It is time to rethink our systems of agriculture, sharing and consumption. The United Nations assures us that if these systems are managed effectively, agriculture, forestry and fishing can produce food for all while generating decent incomes for producers. But the rapid degradation of our soils, forests, freshwater and oceans is putting traditional food systems at risk, driving farmers to migrate to cities in search of new opportunities.